GenAI 101 Course: Day 2 – Key Concepts and Engaging with ChatGPT

February 6, 2024
6 min read
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Natural Language Processing (NLP) is advancing rapidly, and it's thanks to the vast data volumes leveraged through Large Language Models (LLMs).

Ale Vergara and Tim Smith: Prompt Engineering

  • What is "Machine Learning"?
  • How do I engage with ChatGPT?

In this module, we discuss a little more of what Day 2 looks like for our latest project: GenAI 101. Featuring key baseline concepts such as inputs and outputs, types of AI models, and engaging with ChatGPT. Our brand-new, five-day GenAI 101 Course is your exclusive gateway to understanding, creating, and unleashing the power of this incredible technology.

Whether you're a tech enthusiast, a creative mind, or just curious about the cutting-edge of AI, this course is designed for you. Join us on this exhilarating journey, and let's explore the endless possibilities of Generative AI together!

"Chatbots can either be rule-based (more aligned with traditional programming) or powered by machine learning. The latter allows them to understand a wider range of user inputs and respond more naturally, as they can learn and adapt from interactions rather than relying solely on predefined scripts."

Ale Vergara - Senior Associate, Bee Partners

Read more about Day 2 of our GenAI 101 Course below, or head straight to our course to start learning!


As the boundaries of AI continue to expand, there is a fundamental shift that is altering our traditional problem-solving approach as machine learning ventures into probabilistic decision-making driven by data. Large Language Models (LLMs) like GPT-3 and its successor, GPT-4, stand as icons of this transition, showcasing the remarkable capacity of machine learning to comprehend and generate human-like text.

The growing diversity of AI models is ushering in a new era of innovation. AI audio models are adept at transmuting sound waves into numerical representations and multi-modal models are transcending the confines of singular data types, enabling seamless interactions across text, images, audio, and video.

Amidst these advancements, prompt engineering emerges as a pivotal strategy in optimizing conversational AI systems like ChatGPT. By crafting precise, context-rich inputs, users can steer ChatGPT towards generating relevant, coherent responses, fostering long-term rapport and trust between humans and AI assistants.

Learning Baseline Concepts

Navigating from Traditional Programming to Machine Learning

From text encoded in ASCII to images distilled into pixel values and audio transcribed into waveform data, computers perceive and process the world through numerical lenses. It's this numerical abstraction that serves as the conduit for AI models, enabling them to extract patterns, fine-tune parameters, and, ultimately, render outputs comprehensible to humans.

The dichotomy between traditional programming and machine learning represents a fundamental shift in how we approach problem-solving. While traditional programming relies on explicit instructions meticulously crafted by developers, machine learning ventures into the realm of probabilistic decision-making driven by data. This shift brings forth a paradigm where algorithms, rather than being explicitly programmed, are empowered to learn from vast datasets, enabling them to make informed decisions and predictions.

At the forefront of this transition are Large Language Models (LLMs) like GPT-3, emblematic of the prowess of machine learning in understanding and generating human-like text. Unlike their rule-based counterparts, LLMs thrive on copious amounts of data, utilizing sophisticated algorithms to derive contextually relevant responses. This evolutionary leap in natural language processing underscores the transformative potential of machine learning in reshaping human-computer interactions.

Unravelling Textual Complexity

LLMs epitomize the pinnacle of machine learning sophistication, particularly in deciphering, generating, and engaging with human language intricacies. These deep learning marvels honed through extensive training on vast textual corpora, possess unparalleled prowess in tasks ranging from basic text classification to intricate content comprehension and generation.

The luminary among these LLMs is GPT-3 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3), a creation of OpenAI renowned for its expansive capacity of 175 billion parameters. GPT-3 stands as a testament to the prowess of LLMs in crafting coherent and contextually relevant textual output across a myriad of tasks–all achieved sans task-specific training. Yet, even more astoundingly, GPT-4, introduced in March of 2023, eclipses its predecessor with a staggering 1.7 trillion parameters, rendering it nearly a thousand times more potent than GPT-3.

It's happening fast.

AI audio models, wielding the power to transmute sound waves into numerical representations, navigate the intricate realm of auditory landscapes with finesse. From voice recognition and speech-to-text transformations to text-to-speech synthesis, these models redefine the boundaries of audio processing, offering a symphony of applications ranging from voice assistants to noise suppression mechanisms.

Multi-modal models are emerging as the vanguard of AI innovation, transcending the confines of singular data types to embrace the holistic spectrum of human cognition. With the ability to process and interrelate across text, images, audio, and video, these models epitomize the pinnacle of versatility and comprehensiveness in AI, promising to revolutionize interactions and understanding across diverse data inputs.

Did you know that a leaked internal document from Google in 2023 claimed that open-source AI will outcompete the incumbent proprietary models (e.g., from Google and OpenAI) over time?

Engaging ChatGPT and Prompt Engineering

As the world further engages with chatbots and conversational AI, prompt engineering emerges as a pivotal strategy in harnessing the full potential of models like ChatGPT. At its core, prompt engineering embodies the art of crafting precise, context-rich inputs that guide the model toward generating desired responses. Through the meticulous crafting of prompts tailored to specific use cases, users can steer ChatGPT's responses toward relevance, coherence, and depth, thereby enhancing user engagement and satisfaction. This nuanced approach to input construction not only optimizes the model's performance but also empowers developers to wield ChatGPT as a versatile tool across a myriad of applications.

Central to the efficacy of prompt engineering is the art of understanding context and framing queries in a manner that elicits informative and contextually appropriate responses from ChatGPT. Beyond merely shaping individual interactions, prompt engineering holds the key to fostering long-term rapport and trust between users and conversational AI systems like ChatGPT. By iteratively refining prompts based on user feedback and real-world interactions, developers can fine-tune the model's understanding of user needs and preferences, thereby continuously enhancing the quality and relevance of its responses.

Reassurance To Anyone Less 'Tech Savvy'

Venturing into the realm of AI might seem like embarking on an uncharted odyssey, with nebulous fears lingering on the horizon. However, let us assure you: understanding AI need not be an intimidating journey. Think of it as exploring a fascinating new frontier, where curiosity is your compass, and each concept is a discovery waiting to unfold.

We encourage you to approach AI with a sense of curiosity and excitement. It's not about unraveling an enigma but rather deciphering the language of innovation. From machine learning to neural networks, AI demystifies itself through logical constructs and algorithms–tools that more people than ever can wield to shape the future (even without significant background or experience).

3 Key Takeaways:

  • We always recommend learning by doing: To better understand the world of conversational AI, one must engage with it. Set yourself up with ChatGPT and immerse yourself in the call and response; experiment with the nuances of the input to witness the impact on the output.
  • There is a difference between training and fine-tuning an AI model: Training a foundational model in GenAI and subsequently fine-tuning it can be thought of as a two-stage process, where the former provides a broad understanding, and the latter narrows this understanding to a specific domain or task.
  • Be aware that there are always risks: For instance, AI models, including LLMs, are trained on large datasets. If these datasets contain biases (and many do), the AI's output can also be biased. This could lead to unfair or discriminatory decisions, especially in areas like HR or customer service.

Click here to learn more about the Bee Partners and the Team, or here if you are a Founder innovating in any of our three vectors.

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